Anthrax

The topic I researched for this mini project was Anthrax. Anthrax's proper name is Bacillus anthracis. It is a bacteria found in the soil so unless someone is a veterinarian, tanner, or meat processor they will most likely not get it. These certain people would contract anthrax because the animals that they care for or kill may eat the anthrax that is in the soil they live on. However these people are usually vaccinated before anyway. Anthrax is a very interesting bacteria that I hope you enjoy to learn about.















Anthrax Outline

1) Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
a) Pathology
i) Cutaneous Anthrax
(1) Symptoms appears one or two days after victim acquires anthrax
(2) Symptoms get worse in seven to ten days
(3) The percentage of people who die from cutaneous anthrax: 20%
ii) Gastrointestinal Anthrax
(1) Symptoms appear one to six days after victim acquires anthrax
(2) Death occurs in two or five days
(3) The percentage of people who die from gastrointestinal anthrax: 25% to 60%
iii) Inhalation Anthrax
(1) Symptoms appear in one to seven days, or as long as a few months
(2) Shock can take place in one to five days and death happens in a few days after shock
(3) The percentage of people who die from inhalation anthrax: 90%
b) Symptoms
i) Cutaneous Anthrax
(1) itchy, fluid filled blister
(2) flu like symptoms(ex: fever, headache)
(3) anthrax entering the blood stream could kill the victim
ii) Gastrointestinal Anthrax
(1) flu like symptoms(ex: nauseous, fever, abdominal pain, sore throat)
(2) bloody diarrhea
(3) vomit blood
(4) anthrax entering the blood stream could kill the victim
iii) Inhalation Anthrax
(1) flu like symptoms(ex: mild fever, muscle aches)
(2) sore throat
(3) difficulty breathing
(4) meningitis
(5) shock occurs before death
c) Acquisition
i) Animals give it to people by getting it from soil
(1) people eat the meat
(2) veterinarians treat the animals with a cut in their skin
ii) bioterrorism
(1) people give anthrax to other people by means of powder with anthrax bacteria
d) Diagnosis
i) Cutaneous Anthrax
(1) doctors isolate anthrax from vesicular fluid(fluid from sores) and blood
(2) doctors can treat anthrax with antibiotics before symptoms occur
(a) penicillin, doxycycline, ciprofloxacin
ii) Gastrointestinal Anthrax
(1) doctors isolate anthrax from blood
(2) doctors can treat anthrax with antibiotics before symptoms occur
(a) penicillin, doxycycline, ciprofloxacin
iii) Inhalation Anthrax
(1) doctors isolate anthrax from blood, cerebrospinal fluid(fluid from the spine) or a chest x-ray
(2) doctors can treat anthrax with antibiotics before symptoms occur
(a) penicillin, doxycycline, ciprofloxacin
e) Prevention
i) Vaccination
(1) vaccinate animals
(2) vaccinate people who may be at risk for an anthrax attack
ii) burn all carcasses that may contain anthrax
iii) heat soil where anthrax may reside
iv) animals who may have anthrax should be isolated from one another then vaccinated
f) People
i) People at risk “naturally”
(1) veterinarians
(2) meat processors
(3) tanners
ii) People at risk from bioterrorism
(1) postal men
(2) scientists who study anthrax
(3) lab workers in contact with anthrax
(4) people who anthrax is sent to

Works Cited
  • “Anthrax.” MedlinePlus. N.p., 30 May 2009. Web. 12 Mar. 2010. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/‌medlineplus/‌ency/‌article/‌001325.htm>.
  • “Anthrax.” World Health Organization. N.p., Oct. 2001. Web. 13 Mar. 2010. <http://www.who.int/‌mediacentre/‌factsheets/‌fs264/‌en/>.
  • “Anthrax in Adults.” SkinSight. N.p., 22 Dec. 2008. Web. 11 Mar. 2010. <http://www.skinsight.com/‌atlas/‌anthrax.htm>.
  • “Anthrax Q & A: Signs and Symptoms.” Center for Disease Control and Prevention. N.p., 2 June 2003. Web. 11 Mar. 2010. <http://emergency.cdc.gov/‌agent/‌anthrax/‌faq/‌signs.asp>.
  • “Anthrax-Topic Overview.” WebMD. N.p., 20 June 2008. Web. 10 Mar. 2010. <http://www.webmd.com/‌cold-and-flu/‌tc/‌anthrax-topic-overview>.