kayla odonnell


Project Summery:
Jomal & Julie have just gotten back from spring break and are just chatting about how their spring break went. Jomal is explaining how his family went to africa went to different parts of Southern Africa over break, and Julie tells him about the long and annoying project on African Sleeping sickness she researched and all that she learned. Jomal starts to explain the odd symptoms him and his family went through, and are still continuing to have. Julie starts to question what exactly he has come down with and it oddly starts to sound familiar to her, like all of her research she completed for her African Sleeping Sickness and they come to a conclusion that Jomal may possibly been bitten by the tseate fly and Julie and Jomal go back and forth asking questions on topic. They both decide he needs to make an appointment for him and his family asap.


African Sleeping Sickness

I. Also called Trypanosomiasis
A. Caused by the bite of a tsese fly
1. Parasite found in the salvia
2. Mainly found in vegetation by water/wooded savannah
B. Comes in two forms:
1. Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (TBG)
a) Found in west and central Africa
b) Represents more then 90% of all cases
c) Could be infected for years and not even know.
(1) When symptoms do emerge, the person’s nervous system is alrwe eady damaged.
2. Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense
a) Found in east and southern Africa.
b) Less then 10%
c) Develops rapidly and deteriorates the nervous system
(1) First systems and sings are detected after a few weeks/months
II. Occurrence
A. Remote rural areas with weak health systems
B. Spreads easily in poor environments
IV. Infection Transmission
A. Mother-child
1. Disease is able to cross into the placenta and infect the fetus
B. Bite Transmission
1. Caused from the bite of a tsea fly
III. Symptoms
A. Stage 1
1. haemolyphatic phase
a) *Fever Rises
b) *Head Aches
c) *Joint Pain
d) *Itching
B. Stage 2
1. Neurological phase
a) *Personality change
b) *Weight Loss
c) *Irritability
d) *Loss of concentration
e) *Sleeping for long periods of the day
f) *Insomnia at night
If left untreated, death will occur within several weeks/months

V. Prevention
A. Wearing protective clothing
1. Long sleeved shirts
2. Long pants
B. Tsetse flies are unable to bite through material
C. Use insect repellent
D. Use bed netting
VI. Diagnosing
A. Blood samples
B. Spinal Tap
1. These procedures would be don’t to detect the parasite transmitted by the tsetse fly