Adenovirus -- Jenni Clark

Summary:
My project is on adenovirus. From my project you should learn all of the facts and information you'd need to know about the viral infection from Bill, Carl, and Bill's Doctor. Bill is sick with the adenovirus virus so he goes to the doctor to find out what's wrong. The doctor tells Bill that he thinks he has adenovirus. Bill asks his friend Carl more about the illness. When he gets back to school he tells his friend Susie that he found out what was wrong. The information includes the features of the illness, transmission, who is more prone to it, signs and symptoms, treatment, duration, and prevention.

Project:

Part One


Part Two


Part Three


Part Four

Outline:
1) Features
a) Cause respiratory illness
b) Can cause other illnesses depending on strain
i) Gastroenteritis
ii) Conjunctivitis
iii) Cystitis
iv) Rashes
c) Can seem like:
i) Common cold
ii) Pneumonia
iii) Croup
iv) Bronchitis
d) Caused by the adenovirus strain
i) Stable in chemical and physical agents and adverse pH conditions
ii) Can survive for a long time outside of the body
iii) Infects the membranes of the respiratory tract, the eyes, the intestines, and the urinary tract
e) Patients with lowered immune systems are more susceptible
f) Illness can be caused during stress or being in large crowds
2) Contagiousness
a) Transmitted through people
i) Direct contact
ii) Airborne (coughing, sneezing)
iii) Fecal-oral transmission (poor hand-washing, eating food contaminated by houseflies, poor hygiene after handling diapers)
iv) Sometimes waterborne transmission (pools, lakes, water supply)
b) Can cause asymptomatic infections
c) Sometimes regularly found in areas or can cause occasional outbreaks
d) Very contagious
3) Who Gets It
a) Majority of the population has had it at one point
b) More common in younger kids, in first years of life
c) Anyone can get it
d) Repeated infections can occur
4) Signs and Symptoms
a) Symptoms can develop from 2 days to 2 weeks later
b) Febrile respiratory disease
i) Fever of respiratory tract
ii) Most common form
iii) Flu-like
iv) Symptoms:
(1)Pharyngitis (inflammation of pharynx/ sore throat)
(2)Rhinitis (inflammation of nasal membranes/ congested and runny nose)
(3)Swollen lymph nodes
c) Gastroenteritis
i) Inflammation of stomach, small intestines, and large intestines
ii) Symptoms:
(1)Watery diarrhea
(2)Vomiting
(3)Headache/fever
(4)Abdominal cramps
d) Urinary tract infections
i) Cause frequent urination, burning, pain and blood in urine.
e) Eye infections
i) Conjunctivitis (pinkeye)
(1)Mild inflammation of the membranes that cover eye and inner surfaces of eyelids
(2)Symptoms:
(a)Red eyes
(b)Discharge
(c) Tearing
(d)Feeling like something is in the eye
ii) Pharyngoconjuctival fever
(1)Small outbreaks among school-age kids
(2)Affects lining of eye and respiratory tract
(3)Symptoms:
(a)Very red eyes
(b)Severe sore throat
(c) Sometimes low-grade fever, rhinitis, and swollen lymph nodes
(4)Keratoconjuctivitis
(a)Effects conjunctiva and cornea
(b)Extremely contagious
(c) Occurs in older kids and young adults
(d)Causes red eyes, discomfort to light, tearing, and pain
5) Treatment
a) Most cases are mild
b) Diagnosis found by testing respiratory or conjunctival secretions, stools, blood, or urine
c) Antibiotics don’t work because it’s a virus
d) Serious cases only get treatments for the symptoms and complications
e) Infants and young children may need to be hospitalized due to loss of fluids
f) Body will take care of the virus over time
6) Duration
a) Mostly last from a few days to a week
b) Severe respiratory infections may last longer (lingering symptoms, ei. Cough)
c) Keratoconjunctivitis can last for many weeks
d) Can cause diarrhea that lasts up to 2 weeks
7) Prevention
a) There are vaccines developed to prevent two strains
i) Strain 4 and 7
ii) Only used on military recruits
b) It’s very hard to reduce transmission

Cited Sources:
"Adenovirus." Dr. Green. N.p., 2010. Web. 11 Mar. 2010.
<http://www.drgreene.com/azguide/adenovirus>.
"Adenovirus." Kid's Health. Nemours, 2010. Web. 11 Mar. 2010.
<http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/lung/adenovirus.html#>.
"Adenoviruses." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. N.p., 2010. Web. 11
Mar. 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/revb/respiratory/
eadfeat.htm>.
Gompf, Sandra G. "Adenoviruses." eMedicine. WebMD, 2010. Web. 11 Mar. 2010.

<http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/211738-overview>.